tv U.S. Air Force Film Terrorism CSPAN December 13, 2015 4:00pm-4:21pm EST
>> bach -- brown versus the board of education, miranda versus arizona, and rovers's weight. landmark cases, the book, featuring highlights, and the impact of each case, written by tony mauro and published by sees and in cooperation with cq press , an imprint of sage publications incorporated. available for a dollars $.95 for shipping. get your copy today. c-span.org/landmarkcases. each week american history tv brings you archival films that help to provide context for today's public affairs issues. terrorism, a personal threat, is a 1986 u.s. air force film that
documents several terror attacks, including the october 1983 suicide truck bombings in beirut, lebanon, that killed 241 american serviceman and 13 french paratroopers. including interviews with survivors of attacks in greece, italy, puerto rico, and lebanon, it encourages service members to be more aware of their surroundings and be more aware of potential terror attacks when stationed overseas. >> in athens, greece, if you have ever been, the motorcycles never stop. they always do my between the cars. stop right in front of the traffic. you might have 15 or 20 at one time. on this particular afternoon it was 4:20 in the afternoon i heard a motorcycle coming in, it
slowed down. it slowed down too quickly. me being the third car from the front. i turned to watch it. it slowed down. it came right next to my car. i was, sitting and watching them. the guy in the back reached to his belt, pulled out a metallic object and right away i saw it was a pistol of some kind and i this is it.hit, >> it sounded like a firecracker . i remember thinking, as i closed my eyes, listen to these people screaming and it's nothing but a firecracker. you sawes opened nothing but black and smoke everywhere. like a sound from the inside of your body. not like you hear it from the outside. it's like it engulfed the entire body. 12, 17 minutes later is when i woke up and realized that the mc
had been hit very, very hard. thing i can remember was allowed bank. it was like the mad simulator we use in combat defense training. very loud. of course, by the time i realized what i was hearing, i was flying backwards. >> scared the hell out of me, that's what it did. i saw this blood. i was worried about my friends with me. i was the one that asked them out last night. all i could think of was -- well, you've went and done it now. you're going to die down here instead of back home, nice and quiet. >> terrorism, it's a real and personal threat. >> what must the folks back home be thinking. the mind of on every marine in lebanon today.
dead? alive or and anxiety that plagues them as they sift through the rubble, trying to find the broken bodies of their buddies. it was the force of a one ton bomb. the crater will be closely fbi forensic experts who arrived this morning. they will search for some firm evidence of who was behind the disaster. >> the suicide bombing that took so many lives in beirut was without equal, making news headlines around the world. , premeditated attack of such magnitude that it changed forever the way this country and many other nations viewed the threat of terrorism and how to deal with it. themassacre also focuses on individual. on your vulnerability as a single member of the armed forces. its services to introduce the concept of how personal a terrorist attack can really be. >> the guy said -- remember. >> as the shock of what happened
wears off, anger raises to the surface. basically, it just plain hurts. wewhen it's all compiled and get the names, i think it will hit everybody harder. you can tell by actions that it's hurting people now. we had a lot of friends over there. you can tell by a man's actions that that's the way they feel. beret, brianen jenkins, one of the top experts on terrorism, has spent a lot of time studying the way it feels. >> everyone we have interviewed has always made the point that -- i knew there was a problem with terrorism. of course there was a concern in this particular city i was in, but i always thought that would happen to the other people, the other guy. that this would not happen to me. and even when it happened to them they could not believe that it was happening to them. >> several months before the marine headquarters was bombed,
staff sergeant charles light survived the bombing of the u.s. embassy. >> after i woke up and heard what had happened, i started hearing the sirens, people pleading for help. i could hear children and women crying. i started picking my way around and tried to figure out where i was at. though i had lived there for eight months, i could not tell where i was at. it was that torn up, that blown away. in defiance, embassy staff flew a flag as the search for more bodies and survivors went on. u.s. marines of the multinational force were brought into the area as an extra security measure and to keep away the curious. lebanese police say that more bodies were found in the rubble overnight. is going slowly. there is the danger that heavy machinery being used in the clearing could down the upper floors, killing anyone still trapped inside. no one is optimistic about
finding survivors. >> my information is that it is very unlikely that anybody will be found alive who was in the building. >> there are those who wait and hope. muslimamic holy war, a fundamentalist group, is still believed to be responsible for the attack. police say that the group organized in the mainly shiite slum suburb of beirut. the holy war follows the teachings of the ayatollah home amy --ayatollah home homeni. that thefficials say bomb was a suicide mission. to sergeant light, it was like reliving the horrors of war all over again. >> it was like they are transported me right back to the middle of vietnam. just that quick i started reacting the same as i did when i was in combat.
worried, i was't worried. like i say, when the places on fire and there is debris falling all around you, debris everywhere, it tends to upset you. >> large-scale terror attacks in the individual human stories the go with them are not limited to the middle east. look anywhere that u.s. military personnel are stationed. >> terrorists struck at midnight, setting to timebombs in each of the air national guard fighter jets. by light of day eight of the planes were found to be totally destroyed. two are severely damaged. $45 million is the price tag. a leftist group claims responsibility. the immediate target, renewal of draft registration. officials see this as a latest incident on a long list of violence in puerto rico.
the guard commander calls it professional at that. >> they did a good job. when the guard shift changes, they had a good idea of what was going on here. >> these terrorists are the same ones involved in the connection to the ambush of a u.s. navy bus . two see men were killed. 10 wounded. no one was hurt on this space, but officials said that that was nothing but luck. >> sometimes luck is what it takes to survive a well-planned attack by a terrorist, as maybe commissioner third class randall keats found out. >> we pulled into puerto rico. we were supposed to be down there anyway. i asked a few friends -- let's go get a couple beers, enjoy our last night of liberty. we crossed the bridge at the yacht club. a car came around the corner, late model sedan.
stoppeder that after it and i looked at it. it opened up on us alongside the curve. gunfire, one automatic weapon as far as i could tell. a pistol. i did not even realize i had been shot. just felt like someone had hit the stomach.d in i told larry to go back to the ship to get some help. he did. luckier than tim or me. i had to have stuff removed from me. tim lost his life because of it. onthe three marines were their way to the u.s. embassy this morning when their truck exploded. all three were injured, as was the costa rica and driver. homemadeeve it was a bomb or grenade. the explosion was so powerful it out the back window of the car delivery truck. officials have no suspects, but
they believe it was done by a .ell-organized extremist group >> terrorists can travel anywhere for any cause. extremists have no boundaries. in london, a london -- a bomb , andup in a noncom's hands he survived. still, terrorists often use certain -- disguises, counting on speed and surprise. hoping that the victim won't be alert enough. they are innovative, learning from their mistakes and capable of ingenious planning. and they often have better weapons than the authorities. >> the blast was apparently caused by a timebomb placed next to a pillar in five -- inside the bar. the force of the explosion shattered windows. many of the 80 victims had pieces of glass and metal embedded in their bodies. 13 of the victims flew to an american army hospital in west germany. they were suffering from burns and punch her wounds.
-- puncture wounds. greek and american investigators sifting to the wreckage found traces of a cloth and some wire, which they indicated was a device that was homemade. the 1500 american service personnel based here have been while theoid the area investigation is going on. it is a resort frequented often off-duty military people. >> one of those people was the air force chief master sergeant, robert agee. panic, but there was a lot of screening it -- screaming and yelling. there were a lot of couples in the bar. there were husbands trying to find wives. boyfriends trying to find girlfriends, that kind of thing. everybody was going towards the door. there was quite a gin up at the door. i had never been in that before, i wasn't familiar which way to
the door. i looked straight ahead and there was a hole in the wall. hell of a better way to get out quickly. >> it was really black in there. something was pushing me, like the force of the bomb was pushing me. force pushed me into somebody and he fell. stood.ust kind of as he fell i remember reaching for something and i felt like a .all i kind of stood there in a remember yelling to everybody -- don't run, don't run. >> whether americans are on or off duty hasn't seemed to have made much different in athens -- much difference in athens. >> there was strict security at the u.s. air force base in athens tonight. greek police say that two gunmen riding a motorcycle ambushed an american postal officer as he
was driving from the american military mission to the air base . the sergeant was shot in the shoulder and hand. that was before accelerating away from the attacker. he reached the safety of the base before being rushed to the hospital. his condition is described as good. >> i was hit in the arm, hit in the back. it's been almost 20 months and i still haven't completely recovered physically. i remember looking at the windows, all shattered, hoping that they hadn't hit something that would cause me to bleed to death. the mental scars will always be there. as with any of these terrorist attacks and something totally unexpected, something that you -- you just you think it happens to the other guy. you see it on television, here it on the radio, think -- boy, that is nasty, a terrible thing to happen to anybody, but you
never really think it's going to happen to you. you just -- something happens to the other guy. >> a terrorist's attitude is usually impersonal, but the results sure are not. just before christmas members of the u.s. military were aboard this train when a bomb exploded in a tunnel. one was seriously injured. then there was the infamous oktoberfest bombing in munich. >> the main blast was heard for miles. killing seven people instantly, hundreds were in the immediate area. eyewitnesses said the deafening blast was preceded by a wall of flame that leaped 15 feet in the air. many of the dead were burned beyond recognition and most of the injured were treated for burns, concussions, and shrapnel wounds area -- wounds.
it was the largest attack since the 1972 olympics. taxis and private cars were pressed into service as panicky private cars flocked to escape the terror. as the water trucks hosed away the debris and they washed away the mud splattered signs, they assess the damage of what police were saying was an expertly made pipe bomb designated by a professional -- designed by professional. one woman said she was 15 feet away from the blast. she said she was stunned by the noise and still cannot believe she escaped injury. american service people were casualties in munich, many more can have a good -- had a good time. which you can do anywhere in the world by having common sense. avoid the personal threat of terrorism by not being predictable. maintain low visibility to keep
from calling attention to yourself as an american. remember to be alert. >> i think the most important thing is to be aware that it could happen. the threat is very real. you don't have to be bombing to recognize and appreciate the fact that terrorism works. >> they were totally astounded that anyone would have the audacity to do this. it.here are ways to avoid i wish i would have known that then. try toink we have to blend in more with the local populace of the country, wherever it is, greece or germany, maintaining a lower profile, learning the customs and traditions of the country so that we are aware of all the people in the country and how they react and behave so that when something is out of the ordinary, we can recognize it. would be athought i victim, but you never really know. ♪ can happen again tomorrow,
just walking down the street. -- tomorrow, just walking down the street. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] >> next, the society for u.s. intellectual history host a panel of four historians to take around theoundtable relationship between science and intellectual history. the two-hour program was part of their seventh annual conference held in washington dc. >> [inaudible] started. good morning, everybody. thank you for being here. this is our island -- our roundtable on science and intellectual history. we have a stellar array of talent. i'm mostly just here to moderate. let me do a couple of introductions on how the session will work and then we will get to it. my name is sarah i go.
at in the history department vanderbilt university. we are here today to talk about a number of things. i'm sure that more will come out in the discussions. the intellectual work of inence, the place of science intellectual history and the relations between science and intellectual history. many other threads as well. we have four scholars here today well placed to pick up these themes from, intriguingly, different kinds of angles and backgrounds. let me go ahead and introduce them. to my left is henry cole, an assistant professor at yale where he holds appointments in the medical school and history department. he is also on the faculty of cognitive science. he is working on what will be a terrific book on the history of mind and brain science in the late 19th century currently titled other mines -- "other ds." david is the author of
"storytelling and science," rewriting oppenheimer and the nuclear age. -- just out, his attitudes towards studying science in the modern united states, he is interested in nuclear history, environmental history, and the history of energy. he is currently working on a book about the way that rachel carson and other in -- other contemporary authors have shaped views on environmentalism. andrew is a professor at harvard. he is especially interested in engagements between religion and science. many of you know his important book, science, democracy, and the american university, from the civil war to the cold war," coming out from cambridge university press. he is now at work on a similarly fascinating